Does Refinancing Affect Your Credit Score?

Refinancing is the act of paying off a current loan by taking out a new one. You might choose to refinance if you think it’ll help you get a lower monthly rate, or else pay less interest in the long term. Refinancing can be a useful tool for anyone paying off a long-term loan, such as a home, car, or student loan, especially as your financial circumstances change and you find you are able to afford to pay more or less per month. But does refinancing affect your credit score? And if so, does it improve it, or hurt it?

The effect of hard inquiries

Applying for refinance loans, as with applying for any loans, involves creditors running your credit report, creating new “hard inquiries.” These inquiries typically lower your credit score by a few points. Although the effect of one inquiry is negligible, the refinancing process usually leads to several such inquiries.

If you want to minimize the harm that these hard inquiries do to your credit score, there are steps you can take.

Be sure to get all your applications in during a short time period: fourteen to forty-five days. Additionally, keep your inquiries consistent in terms of your requested loan and what kind of companies you are applying to. Some credit score models will consider all inquiries made during a short period of time to be just one inquiry, especially if all the requests seem to be similar. It’s better to apply for twelve credit cards over the course of a month than to apply for six over the course of a year.

The effect of closing accounts

Refinancing involves closing an old account (the old loan, that you are paying off through the refinancing process), and opening a new account (the new loan, which you are taking out in lieu of the old one). Closing your account will not affect your credit score immediately. Since the old account is immediately replaced with a new one, the amount of money made available to you will not change, meaning that your credit will not be jeopardized by your spending ratio.
However, in the long run, it can have an effect because it will likely lower your mean account age. Successfully holding loans for multiple years, while paying regularly, looks a lot more impressive on a credit report than paying money to a loan that you have only had out for a short while. This change will not be immediately noticeable, because closed, paid-off accounts remain in your credit for ten years after being closed. For those ten years you will have the benefits of an old account being factored into your credit. After that time, however, the old account will go away, and your credit will likely drop as a result.

On the plus side

That said, if refinancing a loan looks like a good decision, then it probably is. While your credit score will likely drop, the damage will be slight and clear up over time, especially if you take the proper steps. Additionally, getting a good deal on a loan can help your credit if it puts you in a position where the ratio of your monthly pay to the amount of money you are paying off in loans is good.

The takeaway

It’s never a bad idea to think about your credit and how your actions might affect it. That said, there are other important factors that weigh on your finances, and one of those factors is how much money you are paying in loans. If refinancing is going to help you save money, or if it will make it easier for you to pay off those loans, then it is a worthwhile choice to make.

Reasons to Refinance A Mortgage

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In the housing market, it’s common to hear the term “refinancing” come up amongst homeowners. In short, refinancing is the act of paying off an existing mortgage loan and getting a new one to replace it. As with any major financial decision, there are upsides and downsides to refinancing a mortgage, and mortgage holders will look into refinancing for a number of different reasons. The end goal however is always the same: to save some money on some aspect of the loan.
Here are a few of the most common reasons for refinancing:

Switching Between Fixed and Adjustable Rates

There are benefits to starting out with fixed rate mortgages and adjustable mortgages, when first taking out a mortgage loan. But those benefits may erode over time, depending on the state of the market.

If the mortgage holder started out with a fixed rate mortgage loan, it may make sense to start looking into refinancing if the interest rates in the market begin to fall. If it looks as though market interest rates will continue to fall over an extended period of time, switching to an adjustable rate mortgage (ARM) would make sense. With an adjustable rate mortgage, there are periodic rate adjustments (that can adjust up or down). The falling rates in the market would result in both a lower interest rate and a smaller monthly payment for holders of an adjustable rate mortgage.

Important Note: Refinancing to an adjustable rate mortgage needs to be heavily considered by the mortgage holder. If they are only considering staying in the home for a few years, then switching to an ARM in a falling interest market makes sense. But, it’s possible for the rates to increase again over time, so that must be taken into consideration.

Conversely, if the mortgage holder started out with an adjustable rate mortgage, it’s possible for the market to enter a state of steadily climbing interest rates. In this situation, periodic adjustments to the mortgage will result in increased interest rates over time. It would make sense for the ARM to be refinanced to a lower, fixed rate mortgage to avoid continued hikes in the interest rate.

Reducing The Term of the Mortgage

Depending on the state of the market, refinancing to shorten the length of the mortgage is also an option. When there are “record low” interest rates, the loan holders may be presented with the opportunity to get out of a 25-30 year fixed rate mortgage. Refinancing to a lower interest rate can result in a shorter overall term, with a monthly payment that’s around the same as what was already being paid.


Check back soon for more information on mortgage refinacing!